Grammarflip is an interactive, online grammar program that individualizes student learning and. While that way is more traditional and formal, using object pronouns accusatives is also quite. Gerunds and infinitives can function b to compose a sonata would take months. Possessive with gerunds pdf replace the word that by combining the sentences using a possessive and a gerund phrase. I didnt like his going not him going to new york without me. Adv 2 unit 7 possessives with gerunds free download as pdf file. Like any other noun, a gerund can function as the subject. My questions are the following about a sentence the pizzas taste is funny. The revised plan would result in the family paying for services that previously would have been covered by the public insurance program. Gerunds and infinitives 333 exercise 1 read the following text and underline all gerunds and infinitives. Like all things grammar, gerunds do take a tiny bit of detective work to spot. Here, the notion of the word pizza is an inanimate being. The short answer is, for english grammar purists, that jose is correct. Possessives with gerunds can be used only as the subject in a sentence.
The reason behind my asking this question is that the reason we use the possessive form is because we are discussing the particular characteristic. To surf is a verb, but surfing is not the verb in this clause. The possessive pronoun my should be used with a gerund a verb with ing that is acting as a noun. Simply put, possessive nouns demonstrate ownership. Instead, it acts as a noun and can do whatever a noun can do. Jun 18, 2018 learn how to use a possessive with a gerund with grammarflip. Grammar worksheet all things grammar grammar focus possessive pronouns level intermediate answer key my notes 1. Gerunds pdf english grammar pdf rules and exercises. Grammarflip is an interactive, online grammar program that individualizes student learning and saves hours of time for english. As you doubtless know, verbs have two forms we call participles. Possessive pronouns and verb with ing form english. The form of the pronoun preceding the verbal gerund.
Complete the memos by writing the gerund and possessive forms of the words in parentheses. We explain possessives and gerunds with video tutorials and quizzes, using our many waystm approach from multiple teachers. Now that we have the verbs out of the way, lets move on to gerunds. Possessives with gerunds can be used as either the subject or object in a sentence. Gerunds can take either the genitive hisless commonmore formal or the accusative himmore commonless formal as subject or object. This is a subtle point, and hard to explain without using the sort of technical language i usually try to avoid. The correct grammar rule is to use a possessive pronoun prior to a gerund. The correct phrases, then, are 1 your taking, 2 familys paying, and 3 childs being. My eating all that cake made me sick to my stomach.
Sep 26, 2003 since a gerund is a noun, just as book is a noun, the same rule applies. This lesson explains how a possessive or a possessive pronoun can be used preceding a gerund in a sentence. Use a possessive pronoun with a gerund, the verb form that functions as a noun. I didnt appreciate him returning the car with the gas tank empty. Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. Using the possessive case with gerunds accu assist. Learn how to use a possessive with a gerund with grammarflip. Smokes cigarettes he the doctor objects to his smoking cigarettes. Dont worry if you are starting to hear a highpitched buzzing in your ears. Then identify the function of each one subject, subject complement, noun complement, adjective complement, direct object, or object of preposition. Possessive pronoun with gerund pronoun games turtle diary. This grammar rule involves gerunds, a term many people are unfamiliar with.
I appreciate you taking the time to read our yearend report. Which functions of gerunds and infinitives are most common in this selection. There is one respect in which gerund and present participle clauses differ in their internal form. Since a gerund is a noun, just as book is a noun, the same rule applies. Grammar tip pronouns with gerunds ontario training. English grammar tests pdf a marked test to download for free. Here are 10 exercises to help you practice and learn where to place the possessive apostrophe s to show possession of a noun in english. See my list of the most common mistakes in english. The construction is illustrated with examples 1a and 1b. A gerund is an ing verb form that is used as a noun. The turtle diary game practicing the use of possessive pronouns with gerunds is an important element in developing a childs language arts skills. Complete sentences with these expressions cant help, cant stand, have fun. Generally, distinguishing between the two non finite verbs is easy, as gerunds take the place of a noun appositive, subj, object, etc and participles function adjectivally modifying a noun.
Possessiveing and accusativeing constructions in english. The reason behind my asking this question is that the reason we use the possessive form is because we are discussing the particular characteristic beingdefinedness of the subject under scrutiny, so in the next part of the sentence, can we use it to refer to the characteristic without ambiguity. Using the possessive will affect how we read the sentence. Jul 08, 20 gerunds and possessives because gerunds act like nouns, a possessive my, your, his, her, their goes before them. Possessive forms are frequently modifiers for verb forms used as nouns, or gerunds. Jan 20, 2014 this grammar rule involves gerunds, a term many people are unfamiliar with. Although it is a verb form, a gerund does not act as a verb. Can you identify a problem in any of the following sentences. Using possessives with gerunds read the text of two memorandums from a companys director of human resources. Aug 27, 2009 the class really apreciate the presentation, our dear teacher congratulate us for our excellent powerpoint presentation of the topic.
Beware of a present participle the ing form of a verb when it directly follows a noun or a pronoun. Possessive use with gerunds grammar lesson trailer youtube. In effect, making it possessive makes it a modifier rather than a stand alone noun. If i were to use the possessive case with gerunds, however, i firstly need to know if a verbal in a sentence is in fact a gerund or a participle. English grammar pdf grammar rules with examples from everyday english. Gi003 gerund or infinitive fill in the correct form intermediate. It works the same with gerunds, so the correct phrasing is.
An important distinction should be made between 1b and 1ce, or nominal and verbal gerunds. When a noun or pronoun precedes a gerund in a sentence, it must take the possessive form. This rule is broken frequently, with many writers using the objective case rather than the possessive case. We use a possessive before a gerund to indicate the performer of the action. In these instances, possession is acting as a modifier. A gerund is a word that is normally a verb but is being used as a noun. That happens when grammar terms start flying around.
Changing jennifer into a possessive noun signals that more information is coming about a person, place, thing, or idea. Possessives and gerunds tutorials, quizzes, and help. The possessive form of a noun includes an apostrophe and the letter s and the possessive forms of pronouns are my, your, his, her, its, our, their and whose. The possessive case of you is not used with the gerund taking, so the writer ends up making the illogical statement at least in this context i appreciate you. Think about regular nouns and how they use possessives. As in the linked page in your answer, my teacher taught us that using possessive pronouns also known as genitives is the only grammatical way to mark subjects of gerund clauses. Gerunds and possessives because gerunds act like nouns, a possessive my, your, his, her, their goes before them. Thanks a lot for a clear explanation about possessive gerunds. Look twice at the meaning of the phrase, because the participle often.
Using the possessive case before a gerund get it write. I dont like marys cooking or i dont like mary cooking. Replace the word that by combining the sentences using a possessive and a gerund phrase. Sep 20, 2012 i dont like marys cooking or i dont like mary cooking. The fictional possessiveswithgerunds rule lingua franca. When a gerund is modified by another noun, that noun must be possessive. Here is a simple example to help you see the difference between a present participle, which may be preceded by the objective case of a pronoun or by the plain form of a noun, and a gerund, which needs the possessive form to. Like any other noun, a gerund can function as the subject or object of a verb, or as the object of a preposition.
When the possessive alternative is used, it usually focuses attention on the action described in the ing clause. In this paper, we are only interested in those instances of verbal gerunds with subject where there is a choice of form, i. Exceptions occur with irregular verbs, such as swimswamswum the last being the past. Browse other questions tagged syntacticanalysis gerunds gerundsvsparticiples or ask your own question. Preceding a gerund with a possessive by maeve maddox. For example, a gerund can be the subject or object of a verb or the object of a preposition. Since we have a noun modifying another noun, we need the possessive form, your. Cliffsnotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what youre studying, cliffsnotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. For instance, im worried about joe running in the park after dark means that im worried about joe and the fact that he runs in the park after dark the word running is a present participle. When i first heard about this usage in a grammar lesson in middle school, it sounded weird to me, too. Possessive pronouns with gerunds use a possessive pronoun with a gerund, the verb form that functions as a noun. Preceding a gerund with a possessive daily writing tips. A gerund is a verb form ending in ing, such as being, doing, having, going, reading or writing. The trick with a gerund is that when you place a noun or pronoun in front of it, you must make the word possessive.
If we write surfing was dangerous during the storm, the subject of the clause is surfing. As i said, no urgency, but i appreciate your looking at it. Gerunds and infinitives exercises pdf worksheets, online exercises and grammar rules. First of all, it doesnt consist of any gerund, does it secondly, why this is the right one in the quiz. Find out about a very common mistake that even native speakers make with possessives.